Methanol and water can be converted into a hydrogen rich gas by the use of a reformer. A reformer is a device that contains a catalyst and heat-exchanging surfaces for process heat transfer.
Methanol reforming typically takes place at 220-300 deg. C and is an endothermic process – i.e. we need to add thermal energy to drive the process.
Due to the relative low reforming temperature of methanol, it is especially advantageous to use a methanol reformer in combination with a HT-PEM fuel cell. For Methanol reforming we do not need any additional gas clean up and can take the reformate gas as it is directly from the reformer. This gives a simple, compact and cheap system.